Complications of Diabetes

If diabetes is not adequately controlled, a variety of complications can be resulted. Diabetes complications are divided into acute and chronic. Acute complications are mainly coma caused by hyperglycemia or hypoglycemia, such as hypoglycemia, ketoacidosis, non-keto hyperosmolar coma. If treatment is not taken timely, shock and even death can be resulted.


Chronic complications are mainly manifested in microcirculatory disorders, causing more serious long-term effects on the body. Chronic complications include: cardiovascular disease, chronic renal failure (also known as diabetic nephropathy), retinopathy (also known as the diabetic eye), neuropathy and microangiopathy. Among them, microangiopathy can lead to erectile dysfunction (impotence) and “diabetic foot”.